Hypnosis is not a state of deep sleep but it involves the induction of a trance-like condition. In this state the patient is actually in an enhanced state of awareness, concentrating on the hypnotist’s voice. In this condition, the conscious mind is suppressed and the subconscious mind is active.
The therapist is able to suggest solutions, concepts and adaptations to the patient, the seeds of which become firmly planted.
Hypnotherapy is a kind of psychotherapy. Hypnotherapy helps to rearrange patterns of behaviour within the mind, enabling irrational fears, phobias, negative thoughts and suppressed emotions to be overcome. In this protocol the body is released from conscious control into relaxed trance-like state of hypnosis. Breathing becomes slower and deeper, the pulse rate drops and the metabolic rate falls. The nervous pathways and hormones become stable and sensation of pain become less acute. The awareness of nausea or indigestion reduces.
Hypnosis functions by altering state of consciousness in such a way that the analytical left-hand side of the brain is turned off, and the non-analytical right-hand side becomes more alert. The conscious control of the mind is inhibited, and the subconscious mind awakens. Subconscious mind is deeper-seated, and more instinctive than the conscious mind, this is the part which has to change for the patient’s behaviour and physical state to alter.
For example,if a patient consciously wants to overcome fear of lizards may try consciously to control will fail as long as his/her subconscious mind retains this terror. It prevents the patient from succeeding. Progress can only be made by reprogramming the subconscious so that deep-seated fears and beliefs are abolished.
How the treatment works
Any misconceptions a patient may have about hypnosis should be treated. The technique does not involve the patient being forcilbly put into a deep sleep. The patient cannot be forced to do anything they would not like to do. They remain conscious of their surroundings and situation while undergoing the treatment. The important point is that the patient wants to change some behavioural habit and is motivated to do so. He/She wants the treatment to work and must establish a good clinical rapport with the therapist in order for it to work.
The readiness of patients to be hypnotised varies and hypnotherapy requires several sessions in order to achieve meaningful results. The patient can also learn the technique of self-hypnosis which can be practiced at home. This can help considerably distress and anxiety-related conditions.